March 2003




This environmental audit was prepared by the students in “Environment and Energy.”  The course receives credit in the Sociology Department and the interdisciplinary programs of Environmental Studies and Peace and Justice Studies.  It is a collaborative work of all of the students.  It is meant to provide information about the current state of the environment and environmental policies at the Lowell Campus of Regis University.





Ecological History of the Lowell Campus

Environmental Education


Solid Waste

Hazardous Materials


Energy and Resource Consumption

Air Quality






Ecological History of the Lowell Campus



      Denver, Colorado is located in a high altitude desert.  The first European settlers to explore the region considered the area where the Lowell Campus is now located to be uninhabitable.  With the advancement of irrigation technologies, the area became usable farm land.  It is believed that much of its 80-90 acres was once an alfalfa field, which accounts for the relatively fertile soil that now characterizes the campus.

      In 2000 the campus became a recognized arboretum, thanks to a generous grant from Martin Hart.  More trees are planted each year than die from disease.

      The climate of the Lowell Campus has changed dramatically in the past twenty years.  A few decades ago, the extremes in temperature were much greater.  High winds, which used to occur in January and February, now occur in March.  As the metropolitan area of Denver has expanded, and more concrete has been used for buildings and roads, the temperature at the Lowell Campus has increased by 6 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit.  (Global warming may also have played a part in this.)  Whereas standing water on the campus would regularly freeze to a depth of four inches as recently as ten years ago, that rarely happens now, and the ice almost always melts in five days.  The warmer but still moderate climate allows construction to take place year-round.  It has also forced Regis to install additional insulation in many buildings.  The upper floors of Carroll Hall can reach 96 degrees F. in summer.

      Regis has taken some steps to improve environmental conditions in recent years.  In the 1970s, test wells revealed gas leaks from underground tanks.  The tanks were removed and the soil rotated so that the hazardous material was broken down to safe levels.  New storm drains and retention ponds, completed in 2001, have curbed erosion.

      Efforts have also been made to improve energy and water conservation and to use safer materials.  T8 lamps have been replaced by NT12s, which save energy and are safer phosphorescent sources of light.  Citric based cleaning solutions are regularly used.  Bromine instead of chlorine is used in the indoor swimming pool.  That is not only safer for swimmers but allows pool water to be used for irrigation.  Native tall grasses have been planted in some areas, which reduces the need for irrigation.  A humidistat reads the moisture in the air so that sprinklers can be shut off.  It is estimated that water usage has been reduced by 30 million gallons over the past three years.

      Wind power provides five percent of Regis’ energy usage.  Wind energy costs a bit more, but Regis could satisfy 20% of its energy needs with wind energy in the foreseeable future.  However, there are no plans to move to solar energy or any other forms of renewable energy until the market for them becomes competitive with conventional sources.  Efficiency and budgetary factors are still the major considerations when upgrading or replacing mechanical systems and technologies.



Mike Redmond, Director, Physical Plant

Pat Schlanger, Superintendent, Landscape and Custodial Services


Environmental Education


      Graduates of Regis University will not leave with an extended awareness of environ­mental issues based on the core curriculum alone.  If students are to become informed about environmental issues, they must pursue the topic in other courses or outside the university curriculum.

      The Core Educational Experience Philosophy Statement regards awareness of global environmental issues as one of its goals: “Faculty and students engage one another in learning experiences designed to examine the impact of human action on the global environment.”  However, this goal is rarely met in core courses. The core philosophy state­ment is reduced to advising students to seek extracurricular involvement or to explore environmental issues in non-core courses.

      The Regis University Mission Statement fails to mention environmental awareness specifically.

      Regis College currently offers a Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies and a Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science. This is a newly revised program that replaces an already existing program in environmental studies.  The Environmental Studies Program focuses on “environmental issues, such as resource depletion, habitat destruction, biological extinction, global economic development, and urbanization.”  This interdisci­plinary option requires 17 upper-division credits in environmental studies plus lower-division courses in biology, chemistry, mathematics, philosophy, economics, and religious studies.  Those departments in addition to sociology offer upper-division courses that are cross-listed in the Environmental Studies Program.  This program needs further development, particularly more faculty with greater experience in the field and more diverse classes.  In the past, 5-8 students have typically graduated with Environmental Studies/Science majors each year.

      The departments of Economics, Religious Studies, and Sociology regularly offer courses specifically on environmental issues, and often include environmental issues in their other courses.  The Philosophy Department incorporates environmental issues in its courses when appropriate, although no course focuses on the environment.  The Peace and Justice Program has two or three courses that focus on the environment.  Biology and Chemistry offer courses that are cross-listed in the Environmental Studies Program.

      Regis University has only one club that deals with environmental issues: the Environ­mental Club.  The main goal of this club is to improve the environment, specifically on the Regis University campus.  Student Activities and Student Government sponsor guest speakers and special events, but environmental awareness has not been a focus.  The Institute on the Common Good has invited speakers who have dealt with this topic, but only rarely.

      In conclusion, environmental awareness at Regis is the responsibility of the student.  It is not a significant part of the university curriculum, mission, events, or sponsored clubs.



Department chairs

The Regis University Mission Statement

The Core Educational Experience Philosophy Statement

The Regis University Bulletin




      The Copy and Print Center handles all of the University’s paper needs (white 8.5”x11” copy/print paper).  The amount purchased and used varies from year-to-year and semester-to-semester, and is ordered from the supplier as needed, i.e., when the university supply is low or exhausted.  Paper distribution among departments also varies.  When paper is needed in a specific department, a faculty member of the department notifies the Copy and Print Center.  Due to the irregular nature of these requests, no data on how much paper each department uses are available.

      The plain white copy/print paper used by Regis University is supplied by Unesource, which has headquarters in Seattle, Washington, and sales representative and warehouse in Denver.  The paper is “Geo Cycle,” produced by Georgia Pacific.  It contains “30% post-consumer recycled fiber,” according to Georgia Pacific.  It is ordered by the case, each of which holds ten packages of 500 sheets.

      From January 2002 to January 2003, Regis University purchased 1,680 cases of paper, or 8.4 million sheets (i.e., 5,000 sheets per case).  That amounts to 23,014 sheets of paper each day of the year!  The cost of paper varies according to paper-milling and market conditions.  As of February 26, 2003, the price was $29-$30 per case.

      Paper usage at Regis has been steadily climbing.  James Thrall, manager of the Copy and Print Center, estimates that Regis buys 5-10% more paper every year than it did the year before.  If that estimate is correct, Regis will buy about 9 million sheets of paper next year and use an average of almost 25,000 sheets of paper per day.

      Of the 1,680 cases purchased in the year ending January 2003, 724 cases were used by the Copy and Print Center in the major copy machines on campus. These copiers are used by faculty, staff, and students.  The other 956 cases were distributed to departments for use by the departments and their faculty in printers and fax machines.

      This report covers only the paper circulated through the Copy and Print Center.  The university also uses vast amounts of paper for letterhead and in its printed brochures and materials published off-campus.



At all major copy machines and printers on campus, and in many offices, there are containers labeled “white paper only.”  Once a week, employees of B&G Maintenance (the janitorial service sub-contracted by the university) deposit that paper in dumpsters for recycled materials.  There are seven of these special dumpsters on campus, one behind each of the main buildings.  A recycling company, 2nd Cycle, empties these dumpsters every week.  However, what 2nd Cycle does with the paper is unknown.



James Thrall, Manager, Copy and Print Center

Pat Schlanger, Superintendent, Landscape and Custodial Services

Solid Waste



      The Lowell Campus generates a huge amount of solid waste each day, but how that waste is generated and by whom is not clear.  Mike Murphy, Associate Director of Operations, Utilities, and Structural Maintenance, claims that most of the waste is office waste.  In any case, most of the nine dumpsters on campus are emptied six days a week (“a few” are emptied 4-5 times a week) and all of this waste goes to landfills.  Removal of campus solid waste costs $32,000 a year.

      Most of the waste generated in the bookstore is cardboard.  The bookstore reuses about 75% of the boxes it receives.  The rest of the cardboard is placed in the cardboard recycling dumpster behind the Student Center.  That dumpster is emptied once a week.

      The mailroom’s waste is “office waste” and cardboard.  It does not purchase styrofoam or other packaging products.  If a package with this kind of packaging is opened in the mailroom, the material is saved and provided to students and others for the packages they send.  Cardboard waste is either reused or recycled.  Mailroom workers recycle whatever personal waste (e.g., cans and paper) they can.  The packaging the mailroom uses is ordered from the Post Office about once a month, and amounts to 100-200 boxes per order.

      About 80% of landscape waste is recycled, according to Mike Murphy.  It is used for mulch.  The other 20% is put in dumpsters.  The grass is cut three or four times a week during the high growth season (May, June, and September).

      Regis is not responsible for disposing of the waste generated by construction companies during building projects, although it does pay for this disposal.  Nevertheless, Regis tries to recycle whatever can be (wood scraps, metal, etc.).  The scrap metal generated by construction and small maintenance tasks performed by Physical Plant is collected in a pile on the east side of the Field House.

      The dorms recently underwent a three-year furniture transition.  Regis tries to give away as much of the old furniture as possible, but some of it cannot be reused and is placed in dumpsters or in an extra-large dumpster hired once a year.

      In the 2001-2002 fiscal year, no classroom furniture was purchased.  Unusable class­room furniture (desks, chairs, etc.) was put in dumpsters or added to the scrap metal pile.

      Computers are supposed to be stripped and disposed of properly, but, according to Mr. Murphy, most of them are thrown into dumpsters.  ITS is responsible for the disposal of computers.

      Because of an EPA mandate, fluorescent bulbs cannot be disposed of in ordinary land­fills.  Physical Plant is responsible for collecting them.  When 300 or so have been collected, they are sent to Phoenix for recycling.

      Nearly 486,000 cubic feet of solid waste per year is collected on the Lowell Campus and taken to a landfill.  But it nearly impossible to get reliable figures about how it is generated and the precise nature of the waste.



Nels Ahlberg, Manager, Mail and Central Receiving

Mike Murphy, Assistant Manager, Plant Operations, Physical Plant

Ken Wiley, Manager, Bookstore


Hazardous Materials



      Hazardous waste is classified under the Liability Act of the United States as “any substance [that] when released into the environment may cause substantial danger to public health, welfare or the environment.”  Hazardous materials were found in the following sectors: the departments of Art, Biology, Chemistry, Nursing, and Physical Therapy; the Health Center; and Physical Plant.

      Physical Plant uses Round-up herbicide (a product of Monsanto) to eradicate weeds.  The empty containers are simply rinsed and thrown out.  Chem-Lawn is contracted once a year to apply herbicides.  This relieves Regis of any legal liability associated with the chemicals used.  Chem-Search has a contract to dispose of acid drums used for spraying herbicides.  It is also the company responsible for taking toxic chemicals to the landfill.

      The Art Department uses film developer and fixer in photography classes.  The fixer is transferred to a biohazard waste company, which treats it for silver recovery.

      The School for Health Care Professions uses a chemical disinfectant called Envirocide.  It is poured down the sink when it becomes ineffective.  The Nursing and Physical Therapy departments use Sharps kits for the disposal of needles, syringes, gauze, and other hazardous waste.  These kits are delivered to Physical Plant for hazardous waste pickup.

      The Physical Therapy Department also uses various chemicals to treat cadavers.  The liquid excess is mixed with water and poured down the drain.  The solid tissue mixed with these chemicals is taken back with the cadavers to a crematorium.

      The Biology Department uses over 480 chemicals.  One of the two major chemical types is ethyl alcohol, which evaporates into the air.  The second is eight types of agar, which is made non-toxic by putting it in the autoclave before disposing of it in the trash.

      The Chemistry Department also uses many chemicals, such as ether and hydrochloric acid.  These are all sent to Physical Plant for disposal at a bio-hazard waste site.

      All of these departments use potentially dangerous materials.  It appears that those responsible are aware of the severe effects these chemicals can have on humans and the environment and take the necessary precautions to dispose of them in a proper fashion.



Eugene Stewart, Art Department

Clifford Barnes, Physical Therapy Department

Laura Karner, Lab Manager, Chemistry Department

Bill Tankavich, Lab Manager, Biology Department

Michael Murphy, Assistant Manager, Plant Operations, Physical Plant




      In the last fiscal year, Sodexho spent $578,088 on food and paper purchases.  It served 220,321 customers at Regis.  That total was 38% of Sodexho’s total budget.  Food accounted for 37%, paper for 1%.

      100 pounds of food were wasted daily in the dining hall during lunch and dinner during the first part of the spring semester 2003.  It was not possible to determine how much was from food returned after having been served and how much was thrown out never having been served. 

      A fire destroyed the dishwasher earlier in the academic year.  A new dishwasher has now been installed.  Preliminary indications are that food waste has increased 40% to 140 pounds per day.

      Sodexho does not use any significant amount of organic food.



Christopher Camp, Executive Director, Sodexho-Regis

Energy and Resource Consumption


      Regis uses a tremendous amount of energy, and pays handsomely for it.  Since the late 1990s Regis has been trying to reduce energy consumption.  Consultants were hired, and then a full-time Resource Conservation Administrator, Tom Hall, was employed.  Regis typically spends well in excess of $500,000 per year on utilities.  Winter months are the most costly, summer months the least.


Natural Gas

      The University spends more on natural gas than on any other utility.  Colorado’s weather is highly variable, and the severity and length of a given winter dictate the cost of heating the campus.  Regis uses nearly 80,000 Therms/month in the cold months, and about 10,000 Therms/month in the summer.



      The university’s electricity use is fairly consistent month-to-month, with only slightly more energy being used in the summer months to cool campus buildings.  The university has installed more efficient lighting and improved the infrastructure that carries and regulates energy. 

      Regis uses between 500,000 kWh and 650,000 kWh per month.  Billing varies according to use and the demand Regis places on the grid.  Every year in August, at the beginning of the school year, Regis sets a peak demand between 1 and 1.5 megawatts.  It has to pay to ensure that Excel Energy Corporation can always meet that peak demand even though the university rarely uses that much energy.

      Regis participates in Excel Energy’s Windsource program, which involves paying an extra premium for wind energy on its electricity bill.



      The university uses an enormous amount of water.  The vast majority of it is used to irrigate. That becomes apparent by comparing water usage in summer and winter months. A half million gallons per month are used during the winter, whereas more than 6 million gallons a month are used in the summer.  Of course, water for irrigation varies depending on weather conditions from year-to-year.  Regis attempts to save water by using water-saving fixtures and carefully controlling the irrigation system.  Given the university’s location in a semi-arid climate, the need for additional water-saving measures is apparent.

      See Ecological History for more information on water usage.



Tom Hall, Resource Conservation Administrator, Physical Plant


Air Quality



      Chemistry laboratories are ventilated into the outside air.  The fumes can be both noxious and polluting.  Physical Plant acknowledges that this ventilation system is not adequate and is looking into ways to improve it.

      Biology labs have no ventilation system in place.  This is potentially dangerous since formaldehyde and other noxious chemicals are used.  Possible remedies are being investigated.

      The ventilation system in the Student Center was completely cleaned during the summer of 2002 at a cost of $20,000.  Because of the cost, this kind of cleaning is done only when a problem in a ventilation system is identified.

      Asbestos is present in the Student Center, Carroll Hall, Loyola Hall, Main Hall, Desmet Hall, and the Field House.  Responsible officials claim that the asbestos has been contained, but accidents or mischief could result in inadvertent releases of dangerous air-borne particles.  (See Buildings.)

      Some paints contain lead, particularly in the Science Building.  This is dangerous only if paint particles are ingested, a very unlikely occurrence.  Lead-based paints do not emit harmful air-borne particles.

      The furnaces that provide heat for campus buildings emit sulfur dioxide and other toxic and noxious gases.  The furnaces, installed in 1963, are monitored by Physical Plant.  They are running at 86% efficiency, which meets federal, state, and city regulations.

      Each campus building has a sewer vent.  These vents release methane, a natural byproduct of human waste, but the amount is inconsequential in terms of campus air quality and human health.

      Air conditioning can be classified as both an indoor and outdoor factor in air quality. Those who work on Regis University air-conditioning systems are federally certified refrigeration technicians who are trained to be environmentally aware.  Leaking air conditioners can release Freon (a fluorinated hydrocarbon).

      Physical Plant is currently phasing out the use of non-emission rated vehicles for newer vehicles that meet emission standards required for post-1986 vehicles. (See Transportation.)

      Denver’s “brown cloud” is infamous.  Regis does not have any method for measuring smog on campus.



Mike Redmond, Director, Physical Plant

Gregg Peter, Utility Maintenance Supervisor/Technician, Physical Plant




      Nine departments at Regis own vehicles: security, student activities, Sodexho, mailroom, athletics, Physical Plant, the College Dean’s office, residence life, and Father Woody.  An inventory follows:

Security: one gasoline-powered small Suzuki SUV to patrol campus.

Student Activities: one gasoline-powered golf cart used to move intramural equipment; one gasoline-powered 15-passenger van used for in- and out-of-state trips.

Sodexho: one gasoline-powered van used to cater on campus.

Mailroom: three battery-powered golf carts for on-campus use; one gasoline-powered van driven to the post office once daily, totaling 20 miles per day.

Athletics: three 12-passenger vans, two of which are gasoline-powered and one diesel-powered.  For longer trips, a Greyhound bus is chartered.  When extra vans are needed, they are rented from Enterprise.  This occurred four times in the past year for a total of seven vans. Very rarely, mostly for post-season events, teams use airlines.

Physical Plant: six licensed vehicles, five pickup trucks and one van; plus nine golf carts, seven of which are gasoline-powered and two battery-powered.  Trucks are used for hauling heavy loads and snowplowing.  75% of total use is on campus.  The van (1980 vintage) is rarely used, and is slated for replacement.  The golf carts are all used for on-campus maintenance.

Dean’s Office: one gasoline-powered 12-passenger van, used by the forensics team and other academic programs.

Residence Life: one gasoline-powered cargo van, used only in the summer to move materials around campus.

Father Woody: one gasoline-powered van to transport students to Father Woody community service projects.


      Only Physical Plant has its own maintenance shop.  Other departments send their vehicles off-campus to be serviced.  Regis pays about $38,000 a year for insurance on these vehicles, an amount that is expected to rise 25% next year because of 9-11-01.

      Each fall semester, about 400 new parking passes are issued.  Another 400-800 are issued throughout the year, for a total of about 800-1,000 passes per year.  This does not include passes issued in previous years to students, faculty, staff, and SPS students.


      Additional issues must be considered, all beyond the scope of this audit.  For example, what percentage of Regis faculty, administrators, staff, and students drive to campus, and how far do they drive? Does (or should) Regis provide bus passes to its employees and students to get to campus?  Has Regis considered providing covered bicycle-parking racks?  Does Regis have an environmentally conscious transportation policy?  Who would be responsible for such a policy?  Has any effort been made to consolidate transportation needs across departmental sectors?



Department heads

Campus security




      Main Hall, the oldest building on campus, has a great amount of asbestos.  Most of the asbestos is contained—that is, it is not in a powder form that can easily be ingested or inhaled, and it is in hard tile or pipes, or is covered by carpets or paint.  (The stairways do not meet fire code regulations, so the third and fourth floors are not occupied.)

      Asbestos is also in Loyola Hall, Desmet Hall, Carroll Hall, the Student Center, and the Field House.  Physical Plant’s budget includes an amount each year for asbestos control and removal.

      All buildings are thermostatically regulated.  In winter the daytime temperature is set at 68˚ Fahrenheit, the nighttime temperature at 55˚ F.  Lights are turned off in all unused buildings at night.  Faculty and staff with offices in Loyola Hall and Carroll Hall, and students who attend classes in those buildings, know that temperature regulation in those buildings is extremely problematic.  Some faculty and staff use electric space heaters in their offices, while other offices are too hot to work in.  Classrooms are quite frequently overheated.

      Energy-saving equipment is added when there is a demand for replacement of existing equipment and when it is considered cost-effective.

      New “town homes” were constructed for use beginning this academic year.  Various measures were taken to improve energy efficiency, including tinted windows, a central boiler for heat, and 3-inch roof insulation.  Energy-cost savings are expected to offset the additional cost of construction in a few years.  The town houses, however, are far short of “state-of-the-art” energy-efficient buildings.

      A new chapel is projected for construction this year.  Minor efforts have been taken to be environmentally sensitive.  The lighting system, for example, will be programmed to vary according to the natural light available.  The university claims that building materials will be 95% recycled or recyclable.  What this means in practice is unclear.

      Regis has a central boiler and cooling system, which is more efficient than ordinary single-building rooftop systems.  However, given the imperfections in heating and cooling regulators in individual buildings, it is obvious that a tremendous amount of energy is wasted every year simply heating and cooling campus buildings.

      Regis has undertaken other energy-saving programs, described elsewhere in this audit.  But the inescapable conclusion is that Lowell Campus buildings are energy-inefficient in major ways.  In most cases, they cannot be retrofitted to make them much less inefficient than they are now.  The construction of new buildings has taken a few environmental and energy factors into account, but these factors have not been paramount in the planning of the construction or operation of these buildings.



Mike Redmond, Director, Physical Plant

Michael Murphy, Assistant Manager, Plant Operations, Physical Plant





Grants and Scholarships Available to Students and Faculty

      Regis does not offer any grants or scholarships for students pursuing studies or research regarding the environment.  However, the Financial Aid Office lists the following possibilities for outside funding in environmental studies: Cottonwood Foundation, Intel Foundation, Lawrence Foundation, Sunbeam Corporation, Turner Broadcasting System, and Westinghouse Charitable Giving Program.  (It is notable that several of these funding sources are based on fortunes made in environmentally destructive enterprises.)


Procurement and Subcontractor Policies

      Regis University has a decentralized purchasing process by which each department buys directly from vendors according to specific cost-effective guidelines.  By avoiding a central purchasing agent office, Regis believes it saves up to $200,000 a year.

      For all departments combined, the combined annual estimated expenditures on supplies is estimated at $300,000.  Departments make purchases through Follett Corporation (the campus book­store) or Corporate Express (a catalogue retailer).  Vendors working with Follett must abide by the Vendor Labor Practice Code.  Subsection C (Environmental Compliance), under Section III (Workplace Standards and Practices) reads: “Vendors must share Follett’s commitment to the protection and preservation of the global environment and the world’s finite resources, and conduct business accordingly.”  PriceWaterhouseCooper conducts announced and unannounced audits of all participating factories.  Follett has expressed interest in working with concerned students to establish standards.

      The central administration of Regis procures its office supplies from the same sources.  In addition to travel and office supplies, electricity and classroom furnishings also fall under the budget of the central administration.  Regis buys electricity from both Excel Energy (formerly Public Service Company) and Green Power.  Approximately $250,000 is spent on electricity, $5,000-6.000 from Green Power.  Classroom furnishings amount to about $10,000 a year, purchased from Seating Specialists.

      Regis is a member of the Workers Rights Consortium, an anti-sweatshop organization that monitors working conditions in textile assembly plants.  This is noteworthy, since working conditions include environmental issues.  It means that an independent nongovernmental organization (NGO) certifies clothing bearing the Regis logo as having been produced in plants with fair labor practices, including a mostly safe working environment.


Energy Conservation and Management Policies

      Tom Hall is working in Physical Plant on a contract with Long Energy Solutions, which proposes saving Regis $150,000 a year in energy bills through energy conservation measures.  So far, Regis thinks it has saved $80,000-90,000 a year on its energy bill over the past 2-3 years.  It is less expensive to build an environmentally sound building than to retrofit an old one, but new building construction has so far not been planned with major energy savings in mind.  If the original cost of energy efficiency cannot be paid off in a “reasonable” time, it is not done.


Investment Policies

      Regis has $27 million of endowments and quasi-endowments invested in 127 different corporations.  Investment policy is guided by the Regis University Board of Trustees state­ment on “Investment Policies—Endowment Funds”: “The members of the Investment Oversight Subcommittee and the staff will endeavor to ascertain whether the investments of the University are consonant with the Regis University objectives of faith and justice.”  Many of the corporations in the Regis portfolio are major polluters or otherwise engaged in environmentally threatening enterprises.



Joe Weber, Vice President of Finance

Tom Hall, Resource Conservation Administrator, Physical Plant

Paul Max, Associate Director, Regis College Admissions

Sharon Booton, Director, University Business Services

Ken Wiley, Manager, Bookstore (Follett Corporation)



Research Teams


Ecological History:

      Misio Wynar

Environmental Education:

      Cindy Scavarda

      Jeff Zitnak


      Dusty Creager

      Carol Kirschman

      Kimberly Malsom

Solid Waste:

      Bridget Condon

      Molly Condon

Hazardous Materials:

      Kathryn Baumgartner

      Kathryn Ford

      Katie Micek


      Thomas Griggs

      Frank McGee

Energy and Resource Consumption:

      Frank McGee

Air Quality:

      Matt Lumelleau

      Jim Warren


      Frederic deLoizaga Carney

      Melissa Sauter

      Andrew Walker


      Christie Bruckner

      Lauren Buell

      Laura Prengaman


      Angela Frenier

      Eric Tews




Thanks to all the people who served as resources for this report, and to various unnamed department chairs and personnel who provided help and guidance.

Special thanks to Dr. Mary Ellen Carroll, Coordinator of the Center for Service Learning.  Dr. Carroll was instrumental in setting up this project and in providing guidance and feedback to the research teams.